A Framework for the Integration of Volunteered Geographic Information into Humanitarian Logistics
Horita Flavio, Link Daniel, Porto de Albuquerque Joao, Hellingrath Bernd
Humanitarian logistics is a major factor for the success of humanitarian operations, making use of a broad range of infrastructure and resources in highly unstable and volatile environments. Due to the need for accuracy and timeliness, the information must be updated and related to the real variables of the affected area. In this context, volunteered geographic information (VGI), provided by local members of non-governmental organizations or individual citizens, emerges as an important information source. This paper presents a conceptual framework to link supply chain management (SCM) processes of humanitarian organizations with VGI, in order to assist the identification of information about infrastructure and resources that are needed by humanitarian SCM processes, and to supply better sources of information fulfilling the needs. The framework’s central component is the Humanitarian Logistics Infrastructure and Resource Model, which can be used to encapsulate information and facilitate the cross-linking of SCM and VGI systems.
Volunteered Geographic Information; Humanitarian Logistics; Logistics Infrastructure; Resource Model; Supply Chain Management