Design and Evaluation of a Model-Driven Decision Support System for Repurposing Electric Vehicle Batteries
Klör B, Monhof M, Beverungen D, Bräuer S
The diffusion of electric vehicles suffers from immature and expensive battery technologies. Repurposing electric vehicle batteries for second-life application scenarios may lower the vehicles' total costs of ownership and increases their ecologic sustainability. However, identifying the best-or even a feasible-scenario for which to repurpose a battery is a complex and unresolved decision problem. In this exaptation research, we set out to design, implement, and evaluate the first decision support system that aids decision-makers in the automobile industry with repurposing electric vehicle batteries. The exaptation is done by classifying decisions on repurposing products as bipartite matching problems and designing two binary integer linear programs that identify (a) all technical feasible assignments and (b) optimal assignments of products and scenarios. Based on an empirical study and expert interviews, we parametrize both binary integer linear programs for repurposing electric vehicle batteries. In a field experiment, we show that our decision support system considerably increases the decision quality in terms of hit rate, miss rate, precision, fallout, and accuracy. While practitioners can use the implemented decision support system when repurposing electric vehicle batteries, other researchers can build on our results to design decision support systems for repurposing further products.
Model-Driven Decision Support System; Design Science Research; Binary Integer Linear Programming; Bipartite Matching Problem; Electric Vehicle Battery